Dental implants have become a popular and successful option used by dental professionals for restoring missing, severely damaged or diseased teeth. They are usually made from titanium and resemble an actual tooth root.
They are surgically placed in the upper or lower jawbone, replacing the missing tooth and providing a solid base for the permanent new tooth that will be placed on top of the implant. The result is very natural in appearance.
Implants have three parts, first there is the anchor, which is surgically fixed into the bone; then is the post in which the tooth is attached to, and last is the artificial tooth. Some implants have already the post attached to the anchor.
They require a considerable venture of time as an anchor has to be placed first before the replacement permanent tooth can actually be put in. The amount of time required after this first surgery and placing in the replacements is between six to eight months.
This is to allow a process called osteointegration, in which the bone adheres to the implant without intervening connective tissue.
Sometimes referred to as bone augmentation, bone grafting is used to replace bone tissue, which can occur by tooth loss, periodontal disease, cavities or infection, injury or trauma.
It is a procedure that involves adding bone or bone like materials to the jaw in order to be able to place in dental implants. If a person does not have enough bone where a tooth has been extracted or has been lost, a dental implant cannot be placed in as it is possible it with not hold in the jaw.
A patient will need a dental implant to replace a missing tooth, whether it was extracted or it broke time ago or if needs to be extracted and replaced immediately. The doctor will determine whether or not there is enough bone to place the implant, however, in most cases, the bone graft is necessary.
There are four types of bone grafts that are most commonly used:
First, there are autografts (or autogenous grafts), in which bone is harvested from the patient´s own body, usually from the chin in dental procedures. This type of bone graft has proven to be the most successful, since it is from the patient´s body, there is no other graft as compatible.
There are also allografts (or allogenous grafts), which are taken from human donors, and are converted by the patient´s own bone into natural bone. They undergo numerous controls and sterilization processes; they are often chosen to avoid a second surgery procedure other than the implant placement.
Then, there are xenografts, or bone grafts taken from animals, most commonly from cow or know as ¨bovine¨. These go through strict processes in order to become biocompatible and sterile for future use.
Lastly, there are alloplastic grafts, made from artificial or synthetic materials either calcium phosphates or hydroxy apatite, that stimulate the patient´s body to form natural bone. It is thought that alloplastic grafts have the least success rates of all the types of bone grafts; however, it is the one with least probabilities or risk of infections.
Bone grafts offers patients who have had extractions the opportunity to create an area filled with bone or bone like materials in order to be able to place in dental implants or to restore defects in the bone. They are very successful and it is an excellent option for being a good candidate for implants or any other dental restoration procedure.
A sinus lift is surgery that adds bone to your upper jaw. The bone is added between the jaw and the maxillary sinuses, which are on either side of your nose.
A sinus lift is done when there is not enough bone in the upper jaw, or the sinuses are too close to the jaw, for dental implants to be placed.
This can be due to the following conditions:
People who have lost teeth in their upper jaw, particularly the back teeth, or molars, do not have enough bone for implants to be placed. Because of the anatomy of the skull, the back of the upper jaw has less bone than the lower jaw.
Periodontal (gum) disease may have caused gum disease.
Tooth loss may have led to bone loss as well. Once teeth are gone, bone begins to be reabsorbed (absorbed back into the body). If teeth have been missing for a long time, there is often not enough bone left to place implants.
I would like you to thank Dr. Joe and the team at Prisma Dental for their professional care that they had given me and the personalized attention they gave me making me feel that I was there patient for years.–Wayne Eattock on May 8, 2012.
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Dr. Rubinstein and Prisma Dental have greatly improved my self confidence. I came to Prisma Dental for some basic work thinking I could not afford to address the major issue with my front teeth. Thanks to Dr. Rubinstein´s holistic advice led me to a treatment plan that provided an outcome greater than I could have ever expected. Completely worth the trip from the USA!.–Adam Czyrek on April 26th, 2012