Exodontia or dental extraction is defined as the removal of a tooth from the mouth. This is usually performed as the last resource since your dentist will always do everything possible to salvage your natural teeth.
The reasons why you need to have your tooth pulled out can vary, the most common reasons are: tooth decay, impact, impacted wisdom teeth and sometimes during orthodontic treatments permanent teeth might be pulled out in order to make space to accommodate teeth.
A tooth that presents such an extent of cavity decay that it has destroyed so much the tooth structure that it cannot be salvaged, is one of the most common reasons for extraction. This decision however must not be taken lightly and it is always a wise move to consult your endodontist who is the only one who can tell you if a root canal treatment t is viable or not. Removing the tooth is a measure to keep the infection from spreading to other areas.
Before the extraction, your dentist will give a local anesthesia so as to minimize the pain. When major extraction which includes several teeth to be removed a general anesthetic might be prescribed, this will induce you to sleep and will prevent you to feel pain in all your body.
Depending on the type of extraction you might need stitches; a general tip to stop bleeding is to bite a small piece of cotton over the wound. Removed tooth can be replaced with an implant, a denture, or a bridge. Be sure to consult your dentist and consider your options.
Tips for a fast and successful recovery after a tooth extraction:
In most cases, the recovery period lasts only a few days. The following will however help to speed recovery:
Relax after surgery, if you exert physical effort you might cause more bleeding to occur.
Take the prescribed painkillers or antibiotics if they are prescribed by your dentist or oral surgeon.
After the first day, rinse your mouth with warm salt water several times a day to reduce swelling and to relieve pain. You can dissolve one teaspoon of salt in a medium-sized glass of warm water.
Do change gauze pads before they are completely soaked in blood.
Do not smoke.
Do not rub the area with your tongue.
In order to encourage the healing process eat soft foods such as pudding, gelatin or a thin soup. Once your healing has progressed you can gradually add solid foods to your diet.
Prop up your head with pillows when you sleep, if you lie flat it might prolong bleeding.
Be sure to carefully brush your teeth and tongue, during the recovery process proper hygiene is crucial.
After the tooth is removed, you may need stitches. Some stitches dissolve over time, and some have to be removed after a few days. Your dentist will tell you whether your stitches need to be removed.
Sometimes stitches are necessary, some stitches dissolve over time, other stitches need to be removed by your oral surgeon. Your dentist will let you know if you need to schedule a visit to have the stitches removed.