Fibromyalgia is a common musculoskeletal condition which is characterized by widespread muscle and joint pain, as well as incapacitating fatigue, amongst other symptoms.
It is not a surprise to discover that 9 out of 10 people with fibromyalgia suffer facial and jaw pain. In most cases, this pain is associated with the muscles and ligaments associated with the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which is in charge of the mastication process.
According to Thelma Rubinstein, Prisma Dental´s Doctor of Dental Surgery, “The main cause of this disease is not known exactly, but may be caused by Ischemia or cellular suffering, trauma, fatigue, or changes in metabolism which affects a single muscle group, or a group of muscles which affects the whole body. It can also occur in the orofacial region, specifically in the muscles of mastication “.
According to the specialist, fibromyalgia is caused by bacterial or viral infection, trauma or stress, and women often suffer from this condition more than men. In children and the elderly there are few cases reported. This condition can also be caused by rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, depression, anxiety, multiple sclerosis, anemia and poor posture, amongst others.
Symptoms such as pain, fatigue, sleep disorders, difficulty opening the mouth, numbness, tingling, dryness, burning sensation or sensitivity on facial skin, should receive special attention since these characterize fibromyalgia.
Although this condition does not cause dental problems by itself since it is a condition generated by the muscle, a complication in the mouth or teeth can cause fibromyalgia, as a consequence of an imbalance in the body. For example, a gum infection can trigger a muscle problem.
“The absence of teeth can also aggravate this muscle disorder because it can cause the teeth to move to fill spaces and this can lead to improper shutdown or poor tooth position, in other words, a bad bite,” explains the surgeon.
By: Prisma Dental
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