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Why Do Gums Recede?

Gums are the supporting tissue of our teeth and maintaining them healthy is beneficial for you in many ways.

Did you know that gums can recede and that it is actually quite common? The problem is, many times it goes unnoticed.

First of all, what do we mean when we say that there is a gum recession?

A gum recession is a dental condition wherein your gums slowly move down towards the root of your tooth. In the process it exposes part of the tooth’s root. When the root of your tooth is exposed you might feel sensitivity to either touch or cold. You see, there are myriads of nerve endings in the root of your tooth and these nerve endings might have extensions to the surface of the root. The intensity of the sensitivity might vary from person to person and some might experience such discomfort they might need to seek treatment.

Although this dental condition might not receive the same type of attention as other more common conditions such as caries, it occurs more frequently than you think. The causes are varied and they usually fall into two categories: infection and trauma.

In the category of infection we have identified that one of the most recurring cases of receding gums has to do with periodontal disease, also known as gum disease.

When the mouth is healthy, gums are so firmly attached to teeth that germs cannot get through; the best way to identify a healthy mouth is when the gums are pink, firm and do not bleed or hurt while brushing, flossing or chewing food. However when the germs that already exists in our mouths accumulate around the gums, with time, they start to produce enzymes which can actually dissolve the lining of our gums.

When these germs produce toxins it will cause inflammation of the gums, which might cause them to bleed.

If this condition is not taken care of, eventually it will cause gums to separate and germs will start to produce enzymes that destroy the attachment of our gums to teeth thus making a space called sulcus (a little pocket on the edge of your gums) deeper.

The germs that collect on the edge of the gums and the sulcus will create a film of plaque in order to protect themselves from outer interference thus ensuring their place in your mouth.

These germs can go deeper in the root and not only cause them to recede but also cause decay in the root of your tooth.

By: Prisma Dental

For any questions about our dental services you can contact us at or to our phone numbers: (506) 2291-5151 in Costa Rica or toll free at 866-741-8194 in United States.

Why Do Gums Recede?
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