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What is gum disease?

Gum disease describes swelling, soreness or infection of the tissues supporting the teeth. There are two main forms of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontal disease.
90% suffer from some form of gum disease, and it is the major cause of tooth loss in adults.


What is gingivitis and periodontal disease?

Gingivitis means inflammation of the gums. This is when the gums around the teeth become very red and swollen, they tend to bleed and may hurt.
Long-standing gingivitis can turn into periodontal disease. As the disease gets worse there is loss of the bone supporting the tooth. If not treated, the tooth may be compromised and in need for extraction due to severe loss of bone.

Gingivitis and periodontal disease
gingivitis and periodontal disease

What is the cause of gum disease?

The main reason for gum disease is plaque, although several other reason may be attributed. Good control of oral hygiene is the best way to prevent gum disease. All plaque should be removed daily. At Prisma Dental, we emphasize the importance of daily dental routine care and have all day availability for dental cleanings. Also, walk-ins are welcome for cleanings and check-ups. Prevention is the best treatment.

What treatments are needed once gum disease has developed?

Scaling and root debridement is the technical word for a deep cleaning to remove calculus (tartar) that attributes to gum disease progression. Scaling and root debridement is a conservative and effective procedure for the initial reduction of gum inflammation.
If the gum disease persists, a periodontal surgery may be required. Periodontal surgery is done by our Periodontal specialist to treat severe gum disease, reduce deep pockets and ease dental hygiene to improve the longevity of the teeth in the mouth.

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