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5 Top Active Ingredients in Our Toothpaste

Everyday we use toothpaste to brush our teeth.

However, do we have any idea what is in our indispensable dental hygiene paste?

Toothpastes contain both, active and inactive ingredients. In simple words, active ingredients are those that are included in the product to maintain our optimal oral health, while inactive ingredients are those used to create a better lather, texture and/or taste of the toothpaste.

Here is the list of the most important ingredients in toothpastes:


By far the most important active ingredient in practically all toothpastes. This compound is added to prevent tooth decay and fortify teeth. When reading the labels you may find fluoride as sodium fluoride (NaF) or sodium monofluorophosphate. Fluorides can strengths tooth’s enamel so it can resist acids that bacteria release when food particles are found in the surfaces of teeth. In the early stages of tooth decay fluoride can effectively prevent further damage.

Tetra Sodium Pyrophosphate

It’s an active ingredient that protects teeth from tartar buildup. Tartar is the result of years of deposition of calcium and magnesium on teeth. This ingredient in your toothpaste removes these elements from saliva in order to prevent tartar from forming its initial thin coating on teeth which later and with time can become hardened dental plaque.

Sodium Bicarbonate

Commonly known as baking soda is a simple yet effective ingredient. It’s a mild abrasive that can help you brush off some of those unsightly stains. After brushing teeth with toothpaste that contain baking soda, your mouth remains in an alkaline environment, excellent for preventing bacteria from growing.

Antibacterial agents such as Triclosan or Xylitol

These two active ingredients are not only found in your toothpaste, but also commonly found in chewing gum, and for a good reason. Triclosan has proven to be effective in destroying bacteria and prevent the formation of plaque. Sometimes, zinc citrate or zinc chloride is also used as an antibacterial agent to control dental plaque.

Desensitizing Agents for sensitive tooth

Potassium nitrate, strontium chloride and potassium citrate are some of the compounds that you will be reading on the labels of toothpastes for sensitive teeth. People with tooth sensitivity will feel pain when they are exposed to food that is too cold or too hot. These desensitizing agents help to relieve the pain and discomfort and will usually need a couple of weeks of use before users can experience their benefit.

By: Prisma Dental

For any questions about our dental services you can contact us at or to our phone numbers: (506) 2291-5151 in Costa Rica or toll free at 866-741-8194 in United States.

5 Top Active Ingredients In Our Toothpaste
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